Things to Know About Adamawa State Yola Nigeria

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Adamawa state is a state in the North-East geographical zone of Nigeria. It shares borders with Gombe, Borno, and Taraba, and forms part of the national Cameroon. There are lots of beautiful things to know about Adamawa state Yola and its history.

One interesting fact to know about Adamawa State is that it is the most heterogeneous state in Nigeria with over 100 indigenous ethnic groups. It was created in 1991 when the former Gongola state was divided into Adamawa and Taraba states by General Ibrahim Badamsi Babangida’s military regime.

Things to know about Adamawa State Yola Nigeria

It is significant to know that Adamawa is the eighth (8th) largest state in the area and the thirteenth (13th) least populous state with an estimated population of about 4.25 million as of 2016. Adamawa State is majorly composed of high mountains, rivers, and wildlife parks among others. Located in the south is the Gashaka Gumti National Park a large wildlife park that houses populations of African buffalo, Bushbuck Patas Monkey, Giant Pangolin, and Hippopotamus.

Adamawa state has been inhabited for years by several ethnic groups including the Bwatiye, Bata, Bali, Mbula-Bwazza, Kamwe, Jibu, Kilba, Marghi, and Mumuye etc. the state is also religiously diverse with about 50% of the population is Muslim and 40% is Christian.

History of Adamawa State | Things to know about Adamawa State Yola

Before Adamawa became a state in Nigeria, Adamawa was a subordinate kingdom of the Sultanate of Sokoto which included northern Cameroon. The rulers of the state bear the title emir.

The name “Adamawa”  came from the founder of the kingdom, Modibo Adama a regional leader of the Fulani Jihad. It was administratively formed in 1991 from the northeastern former Gongola state.

Adamawa state shares borders with Borno, Taraba, and Cameroon. It is also dominated by the Fulanis, Mumuye, Chamba, Kapsiki, Higi, Kilba, Gude, Hausa, Margi, Wurkum, and Bata people.

Economically, Adamawa is known for its cattle markets, cash crops, groundnuts, beans, rice, maize, and sorghum. Fishing is also one of the main sources of income in the riverine areas. The state has about 1.5 million cattle and 64 grazing reserves. Also, the state is a thriving livestock industry.

Cities in Adamawa State


Yola is the capital city of Adamawa and one of the places that you can visit in Adamawa. It is also one of the largest cities in the state with a good marketplace, hotels, restaurants, and other beautiful places.


Fufore is a city in Adamawa State. It is also one of the largest cities in the state with a relatively large land area. You can pay a visit to the beautiful city of Fufore to get a glance at what the city looks like.


Demsa is one of the largest and most exciting cities in the state. It houses residential areas, commercial areas, food lounges, parks, hotels, and others. You can also visit the city for fun.


Girie is one of the biggest cities in Adamawa state. It is a home for all with hospitable people. The major languages spoken here are the Bata, Fulfulde, and Tambo. It is also one of the major cities in Adamawa state and one of the cities with fun-loving people.


Gombi is also one of the popular cities in Adamawa state. It is also one of the Local Government Areas with different ethnic groups and about 5 languages are spoken here. Some of the languages spoken in Gombi include Ga’anda, Bura-Pabir, Lala-Roba, and Ngwaba.

 Natural Resources in Adamawa State

Some of the natural resources that you can find in Adamawa state is listed below.

  • Bentonite
  • Kaoline
  • Magnesite
  • Gypsum
  • Bentonite

Local Government Areas in Adamawa State

There are twenty-one local government Areas in Adamawa state. Below is the list of the Local Government Areas in the State.

  • Demsa
  • Fufore
  • Ganye
  • Girei
  • Gombi
  • Guyuk
  • Hong
  • Jada
  • Lamurde
  • Maiha
  • Madagali
  • Michika
  • Mubi North
  • Mayo-Belwa
  • Mubi South
  • Numan
  • Shelleng
  • Song
  • Tounge
  • Yola North
  • Yola South

Languages | Things to know about Adamawa State Yola

Adamawa state is home to many languages because of the state’s ethnic diversity. Hence, inter-ethnic communication is mostly done using Fulfulde, Hausa, and English language. Here are the languages that are spoken in Adamawa state.

  • Bali
  • Bata
  • Bille
  • Mbula-Bwazza
  • Fulfulde
  • Peere
  • Chamba Daka
  • Tambo
  • Bura-Pabir
  • Ga’anda
  • Hwana
  • Lala-Roba
  • Ngwaba
  • Longuda
  • Kilba
  • Marghi
  • Kwa
  • Bacama
  • Mafa
  • Sukur Language
  • Nzayi
  • Higgi
  • Fali
  • Waaja
  • Kaan
  • Lakka
  • Fulfulde
  • Vere
  • Chamba
  • Mboi
  • Yungur

These are some of the languages that are spoken in Adamawa State. You can also visit the state if you want to learn about the language.

Tourist Attractions in Adamawa State

  • Kiri Dam
  • Mandara Mountains
  • Sukur World Heritage Site
  • Ruwan Zafi Spring
  • Lamido Muhammed Barkindo’s
  • Shbshi Mountains
  • Gashaka gumti national Park
  • Kamale Mountain Peak
  • Three Sisters Rock
  • Yadim Waterfalls
  • Fombina Palace
  • The Confluence of Rivers Benue and Gongola
  • Sassa Waterfalls

These are some of the tourist attraction centers in Adamawa state in Nigeria.

Educational Institutions | Things to know about Adamawa State Yola

Some of the Tertiary institutions in Adamawa state include;

  • Adamawa State Polytechnic
  • Adamawa State University
  • American University of Nigeria
  • Federal College of Education, Yola
  • Federal Polytechnic, Mubi
  • Modibbo Adama University

These are some of the tertiary education institutions located in Adamawa state.


Adamawa state is an attractive and large state in Nigeria. There are also interesting and thrilling places that you can visit with your family in Adamawa state. I hope this article was helpful enough to learn about the states and you found new and exciting things

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